A measurement proportional to the amount of light reflected from a surface. Geometry: The correct measurement geometry should be used according to the sample finish – matt: 85°, mid gloss: 60°, high gloss: 20°.
The peak gloss measured over a very narrow angle. Usage: It is very sensitive to surface texture and can be used to identify subtle differences in smooth surfaces.
An optical effect caused by microscopic texture or residue on a surface. Visible Symptoms: A milky finish is apparent on the surface with a loss of reflected contrast. Halos and patterns can be seen around reflections of high intensity light sources. Causes: Poor dispersion, raw material incompatibility, additive migration, vehicle quality, stoving/drying/curing conditions, polishing marks, fine scratches, ageing, oxidisation, poor cleanliness/surface residue.
Reflective Haze Compensation
The instrument compensates for reflection from within the coating for highly reflective pigments, metallic coatings and speciality pigments, allowing the haze of any painted surface to be measured
Reflected Image Quality (RIQ)
RIQ is used to quantify effects such as orange peel and surface waviness. This new parameter gives higher resolution results compared to Distinctness of Image (DOI) measurement and better mimics human perception of surface texture, especially on high quality finishes such as automotive. Symptoms of Poor RIQ: Orange peel, brush marks, waviness or other structures visible on the surface. Reflected images are distorted. Causes: Application problems, incorrect coating flow, coating viscosity too high/low, sag or flow of coating before curing, incorrect particle size/distribution, overspray, improper flash/recoat time, inter coat compatibility, incorrect cure times and cure temperature.